“… affliction is a treasure, and scarce any man hath enough of it.”

Affliction, a treasure? A treasure we don’t have enough of?

Strange words. Strange words for a world that medicates pain. Strange especially for our age that prizes material wealth and physical and emotional wellness seemingly above all other values. Very strange words, perhaps even offensive words, to associate with hope! Pain-free living is the goal; affliction the bane. Who would deny it? And during this time of the COVID-19 crisis, for each of us and all of us together, as we grapple with intensified suffering and growing instability on a personal, local, national, and global scale, how might affliction present a treasure? A treasure for whom?

Who writes like that?! Affliction, a treasure? An ignorant person who knows next to nothing about intense pain? Who doesn’t hear or believe the news? A sadist, maybe? Some sick soul who wants others to suffer? Or maybe some warped mind jealous of others’ pleasures, one who wishes others would suffer even half as much as he does? The kind of person who thinks, “Why should things be better for you than the rest of us?” A mind miserable with bitter resentments and seething hatreds, bent on being a kill-joy?

john donne

Affliction, a treasure?

Who writes like that? None of the above. No ignoramus, no sadist, no kill-joy. The man who wrote these words is none other than the famous English poet John Donne, a man of deep sorrows writing in London in the 1600s during the time of the plagues. In his capacity as the Dean of St. Paul’s Cathedral, Donne had the task of speaking consolation to the dying and to the bereaved during three waves of the Black Plague that killed tens of thousands each time. In his “Meditation 17,” when he penned the more famous lines, “No man is an Island, intire of it selfe…. Any mans death diminishes me,” he insists that affliction is a treasure that can, indeed ought to, draw us “nearer and nearer our home, heaven.” He explains, “No man hath affliction enough, that is not matured and ripened by it, and made fit for God by that affliction.”

So there it is. Not only does Donne say that affliction is a treasure, he insists that we don’t have enough of it if it doesn’t draw us closer to God and so to our eternal destiny. Affliction should correct our vision. What kind of a world did we think we were living in, anyway? One where prosperity, health, and happiness was the goal? An achievable goal? Affliction reminds us of the kind of world we are living in, one where our best efforts can fail. One where terrible things happen and we realize we can neither prevent nor fix them. One where the prosperity, health, and happiness we long for is at best temporary, perhaps serving as markers (or “signposts,” as C. S. Lewis has said), towards their fulfillment in eternity. So as long as we aim only at temporary well-being, or substitute versions of well-being, we are deluded.  In this meditation, Donne concludes that our focus therefore ought to be on “God, our onely securitie.” Any lesser hope is a false one. Affliction serves to awaken us. No, it’s not an awakening we ask for, surely not. But would it really be better to remain asleep? To believe a falsehood?

In the last class I taught my Major Authors’ students just over two weeks ago before my university switched from classroom instruction to on-line teaching, we ended with Donne’s Holy Sonnet, “What if this present world were the world’s last night?” I’d  set this for our syllabus long before I knew it would be our last face-to-face class. The students moaned a little when I announced it: an ominous title as the Western world was catapulting into higher gear to face the COVID-19 pandemic. The sonnet opens thus:


What if this present were the world’s last night?

Mark in my heart, O soul, where thou dost dwell….

We pondered how in the next twelve lines Donne has us focus on the crucifixion of Christ, a most appropriate reflection for this season of Lent. How counter-intuitive the concept that the horrific sufferings of Christ on a Roman cross should be “beauteous.” But there it is: what was utter nonsense to the ancient world’s veneration of beauty and power, and to our own, is beauty. The utter weakness and ugliness of Christ’s suffering is the true beauty of Divine Love that saves you and me. God’s Love, Christ crucified—this ought to be our ongoing meditation.

I pointed to C. S. Lewis’s essay “The World’s Last Night,” an allusion to Donne’s sonnet, in which Lewis takes seriously the unpopular biblical teaching that this world will have a sudden violent end with the Second Coming of Christ, the event that will bring us all before God’s “infallible judgement.” And since we will then receive the true verdict on all of our attitudes and actions in light of eternity, Lewis counsels, we ought to “train ourselves to ask more and more often how the thing which we are saying or doing (or failing to do) at each moment will look when the irresistible light streams in upon it; that light which is so different from the light of this world.”

For Donne, for Lewis, for myriad others, affliction, one’s own death, and the end of the world itself, mainly means this: how should I be living today? How do my daily choices and values look from the perspective of eternity? Am I trying to leave the world a better place? Am I helping others on their pilgrimage? Am I taking care of myself in the right ways? Do I really believe that “no man is an island” and therefore every life matters, is of eternal consequence? Or, have I kept too close company with temporary goals, making them my main focus? Have I paid too little attention to what is lasting? Do I welcome the vision correction that affliction offers me?

In the days and weeks ahead of this season’s pandemic, we are being tested. Of course this isn’t sensationally new; it’s just more obvious now. Some of us have been severely tested already. I’m not one of them—yet. Likely all of us will be more severely tested than we imagined just weeks ago. The health care systems we might have trusted are proving vulnerable, as is the economy. We hear of suicides. We wonder, who will lose a job? A home? A loved one? “God forbid,” is our proper prayer for mercy. But in whatever ways we are tested, great and small, may we receive the Heavenly grace to pass the test. And take heart from those who have gone before us, like John Donne, and say with them, “Affliction is a treasure—a treasure that can draw us close to God, make us fit for God.”

Affliction brings many snapshots of hope. As one of my dear colleagues and friends likes to sign his emails, “Keep looking for the grace.” Here are some recent snapshots of hope.

Snapshots of Hope

My cousin near Hamburg tells me about lighting a candle in one’s window every night for twenty minutes—for prayer time alone, and for visibility to show solidarity with the community. She keeps me posted on all the news from our other cousins in Germany.

Our nephew in Spain brings groceries to his in-laws and sends his parents pictures of having dinner with his young family on their balcony.

My niece and her husband in Munich read favourite stories with their young children,  play together in the garden, and work as best as they can at their computers.

My cousin in Los Angeles helps her parents and enjoys cooking meals for her family members who are working from home. She tells me how Martin Luther’s advice when the bubonic plague came to his area is precisely what we need at this time—as if it had been written for the Corona virus today.

A colleague and friend in Texas sends the liveliest, most loving emails.

With my friend in Toronto we ponder the significance of the COVID-19 pandemic happening during Lent. This year, 2020, the world is experiencing Lent in a most poignant way. It is a time for silence. Parties are illegal. It is a time for tears. It is a time for deeper prayer. It is a time to reflect on our choices and values. And God’s peace is there for us.

My nephew in Seattle preaches to his congregation through video technology.

My church family in Langley does the same.

My students and I chat likewise. One student commented the other day that they felt even closer to each other and in a more intimate space than in the classroom and how encouraging this was as she missed being with her classmates and professors.

The mother of one of my students works in a seniors’ home and goes to work almost every day. She wears the “space suit,” goes through boxes of gloves per day, and I imagine gives these seniors the warm loving smile they need so much and that I know so well from her daughter.

loveMy faculty administrative coordinator cheerfully helps me via email even late at night and first thing in the morning.

A colleague sends us amazing poetry that one of her students wrote for her course in these difficult days.

My neighbour waves at me, smiling, as I take out the garbage.

At some moments young siblings in the neighbourhood laugh out loud as they play in their backyard.

My husband brings oranges to my sister.

I look more often at the wooden plaque my brother gave me that belonged to our Oma: “Sage es Jesu” (Tell Jesus).

One of my daughters makes a fabulous chicken dinner with herbs from our garden. In between her writing work.

Another daughter bakes irresistibly tasty chocolate chip banana muffins. In between studies.

My son records himself doing a Bible reading at the tile bistro table on our deck on a sunny afternoon, to be shared during this upcoming week’s Palm Sunday service.

My colleague and friend Brenton Dickieson posts the most amazing blogs, rich and deep, at seemingly lightning speed. You can follow him at apilgriminnarnia.com.

My husband and I enjoy his personal signature gourmet coffee together. We dream and joke and speak sober words with each other.

My young adult children don’t let me forget the story I promised to finish writing for them.

One evening my family sits down in the living room to begin reading aloud Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice together—and we burst into healing laughter at practically every line.

So, yes, Affliction is a Treasure that affords many Snapshots of hope. Everywhere, across the globe, we listen to each other’s sorrows, fears, hopes–and we pray. We pray. And amidst much else, we feel the love—love we share that comes from above.

Is this not good? Are these not things to treasure? Aren’t we thankful? Is this not part of what John Donne meant? That affliction gives us the opportunity to draw near to true treasure? The daily ones, freely given from our Father who is in Heaven? And so that we might seek Him out with greater persistence, in our perplexity and in our gratitude? As we experience these treasures, these moments, we participate in what is everlasting—and by these means are strengthened for this present that we find ourselves in.

My friends, keep looking for the snapshots of hope. And take good care of yourselves and each other. We’ve been told that our living hope far exceeds this present world’s trials (2 Corinthians 4: 17-18).

The Hobbit, Warner Bros., 2012

In this season of Lent when Christians focus in a particular way on the sufferings of Christ for the salvation of humanity, I was getting ready to write my next blog on our reason for hope. Meanwhile the COVID-19 virus was declared a pandemic and in the escalating response to this crisis, my planned meditation on hope grew—but more slowly as I navigated the new demands placed on me. Like professors everywhere, I was learning to teach online video classes and answering many more emails. I was taking care of my own health as the weight of our situation increased. I was processing the emptying shelves in supermarkets, the palpable fear in many faces. I wasn’t surprised one evening when I couldn’t buy that package of hamburger meat I’d wanted to. But I was annoyed, yes, when I noticed that the couple in the queue in front of me had at least twelve.

So where’s the hope in this perhaps unprecedented crisis? Is there any? Oh my friends, much, so much! I’ve experienced so many snapshots of hope this week. Here’s one.

20200322_154742My first online classes worked beautifully. Maybe not quite technologically perfectly but beautifully. I was pretty much dancing with delight! Why did they work so well? The reason: I had a lot of help from my university community and from my son. So much patience and kindness were shown to me. Who knew that so many people could pull together so quickly, so expertly, so cheerfully? And my classes were fun and inspiring. Now my students could see me at home in my study surrounded by my favourite books, even my wooden giraffe from Kenya (a gift from my daughter) reading a book from where he is perched on the bookcase behind my shoulder. I could feel the wonderful presence of my students as they “zoomed in” from various locations in British Columbia and the United States—and our love, yes—as we talked about wonderful literature that has inspired millions, stories that give us so much of what we need to know.

With my first-year students, I talked about J. R. R. Tolkien, his context as a combat soldier in World War I, and how he came to write The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings as literature of hope in a world at strife. (Thank goodness C. S. Lewis was after his perfectionist friend Tolkien to finish writing his masterpiece!) We listened to a clip from the song “Ain’t No Mountain High Enough”—one I like to remind us of to get the feeling of Bilbo and other hobbits rising to huge challenges with courage. For we are all hobbits, little people facing huge challenges in this world. After the end of World War II, Tolkien wrote of the battle between good and evil: “The War always goes on; and it is no good growing faint!” (June 3, 1945).

I always frame my Hobbit classes with St. Paul’s words from Romans 5:3-4: “we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope.” We talk about how this soul pattern fits Bilbo who goes from being an easily frightened hobbit to becoming the kind of hero who has an important role to play in overcoming evil with good. Bilbo is an unlikely hero and that’s what Tolkien shows we can be and must be. Yes, through much suffering through which Tolkien’s heroes persevere, their characters grow and they experience hope. Hope that is a game-changer. Tolkien’s heroes eventually experience what Jesus our Saviour promised will be one day: “the meek shall inherit the earth” (Matthew 5:5).

My friends, take good care of yourselves and of others. Keep looking for the hope and even joy in the midst of these tough trials. Keep looking for the grace that encourages us to live in hope. We have reason to hope.

P. S. I have more “snapshots of hope” that I plan to send your way.

“And they all lived happily ever after.” What were they thinking, these recorders and writers of fairy tales, like Brothers Grimm and Charles Perrault, to imprint such a message on our hearts and minds? And what are we thinking, to still thrill to hear it? Do we dream of being healthy, wealthy, beautiful/ handsome, and partnered in flawless, unending romantic bliss? Or does it all feel like too much sugar after Valentine’s Day? An unfortunate and dangerous dream that sets up young girls to be passive, insipid things (some say) waiting for their perfect prince to come? And perhaps turns young boys to action-based, even violent, “macho” games? (What nine-year-old boy who knows nothing about George MacDonald’s The Princess and the Goblin would volunteer to hear it?) So is the fairy tale dream at fault for adult woes?

And yet, when I talk with my twenty-something-year-old students, it isn’t enlightened movie versions of fairy tale stories, the likes of Shrek and Frozen, that bring smiles to their faces. No, you guessed it: it’s the 1987 movie The Princess Bride. I only need whisper Westley’s signature line to Princess Buttercup, “As you wish….” and their faces glow, positively radiate, with joy. As in the grandson’s kindled wonder when the grandfather is reading this story to him, hearts beat higher when a true love story is heard. Yes, the “Storybook Love” song plays on in our heads—that is until someone (in this case, me, with my students) poses the question, “Does love have to break your heart?” The question falls like a hammer, like a death knell—too rude, really, to have been asked, and once asked, impossible to ignore.

“Does love have to break your heart?”

Yes. Yes, it does. If it’s love, it does and it will. Pain interrupts the “happily ever after” dream. Death ends it. Or so we think. But did we get that right? The “all lived happily ever after” part?

horse and his boy 3In the fairy tales my mother read to me, the line was “Und wenn sie nicht gestorben sind, dann leben sie noch heute.” Which in English is, “And if they haven’t died, they’re still alive today.” Not exactly the health-wealth gospel fueled by the beauty myth, is it. Do they still have to take out the garbage? Obviously, right? (I once read a critic who actually thought it meant they didn’t.) Do they never fight? Really? Whoever heard of couples who never got annoyed with each other, never disagreed, never fought? I like how Aravis and Cor in C. S. Lewis’s Narnia story The Horse and his Boy are “so used to quarreling and making it up again that they got married so as to go on doing it more conveniently.”

So with my mother’s and father’s prayers, with my Sunday School lessons, there was room in my young heart for the dream of some measure of bliss in this life. And when I found out about Tolkien writing in “On Fairy-Stories” that some fairy tales are about “the Consolation of the Happy Ending,” saying that the truest form is about “eucatastrophe…. the good catastrophe, the sudden joyous ‘turn’…. a sudden and miraculous grace,” I knew he’d said exactly what many of us feel. Precisely! The best fairy tales hint at the Gospel. The “happily ever after” in any language is a small picture of the glorious hope of the Gospel. Fairy tales have plenty of suffering, but they don’t end there. In fact, they don’t really “end” because they point to what will not end: the coming Great Joy, Joy, as Tolkien said, “beyond the walls of the world.”

Deep breath. Where do we go from here? What do we do with heartbreak? Failed romance? The romance that never happened? Deep tragedy? And always, the death of a loved one?

We can go to the place of heartbreak and stay awhile. A long while. The truth is, for now, the hurt never leaves us, nor should it, if we truly have loved and lost. The question is this: What job is the hurt doing in our hearts? Is it leading to bitterness, resentment, cynicism? Or is it helping us to release petty and large grievances, and instead give ourselves to care, to love, even more deeply?

I’m always sobered by Lewis’s words in The Four Loves that love in this life means heartbreak, but that the alternative, a heart that will not be broken, eventually ceases to be a heart and so “will become unbreakable.” As he warned, “The only place outside Heaven where you can be perfectly safe from all the dangers and perturbations of love is Hell.” Likewise, as Frederick Buechner says in Telling the Truth, in his chapter “The Gospel as Fairy Tale,” the ones who get the happily-ever-after are “all who labor and are heavy-laden, the poor naked wretches wheresover they be.” And so we must become poor, broken, in order to live rich and forever be rich. That’s what the best fairy tales are all about.

My friends, Happy Valentine’s Day!

Winter Sun in Switzerland

Looking up from my red velvety chaise lounge sofa in my basement study (a truly luxurious addition after decades of reading and writing as well as grading many student papers at a proper desk), I watch the snow falling steadily in the backyard this January Friday morning, January 10, 2020. Christmassy snow is late on this otherwise rainy southwest coastal corner of Canada, softening grey skies, elevating (I hope) caution and even courtesy on the ever-busier Greater Vancouver roadways. The gentle whiteness is sticking to the evergreen cedars outside, bending the bamboo to half its height, and settling more generously on the delicate web of the barren Dogwood branches, the older growth Douglas Fir straddling the property line that is respected by our neighbours and developers alike, and on the twin maple giants farther away.
          “It’s like Narnia outside,” a daughter says, pausing to visit in passing. “And cozy in here.”
          “Yes,” I answer, and add, “And it’s a room that Mr. Tumnus himself might have approved of. A room with a view—” And the thought propels itself, “A cave with a view….”

StudyYes, this is my cave with a view. From this cave I see the first ten to twenty feet or so of these backyard sentinels, depending on perspective. It is enough. The new deck railing and the old rooftop carrier suspended upside down from the upper deck rafters obscuring a small part of the scene, a legacy from past family camping trips, don’t impede my quiet enjoyment in the least. The vista I cannot see only enhances what I can see. Hold that thought, I say to myself. Why ask for more? There is more, unending more, but does demanding greater vision increase it?

Good things can happen in caves, I tell myself. Refugee David hid from his murderous enemies and wrote poem-prayers that still help heal the hearts of millions. The same refugee David didn’t kill his would-be murderer, insanely jealous King Saul, when he could have. And he continued to write poem-prayers that help save the souls of millions. His descendent, our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, was born in a cave, perhaps, or might as well have been, amidst the livestock, away from pomp and prestige, and safe, safe from evil King Herod, safe for a time.

Winter Sunset in the ForestAnd here in my cave I take refuge. Refuge: the place of shelter from danger and trouble. The place where we can escape to, find comfort, aid, sanctuary. Like a traffic island, for example, as the Oxford English Dictionary tells us. And people that seek refuge are refugees. I remember that my family members were once refugees fleeing their native Poland at the end of the Second World War. They escaped, finding refuge here, next to the Pacific, where I find myself. Here, in my cave with a view, selecting words to type on my laptop, or scribble in a notebook, I too am a refugee in a haven.

Here in the semi-privacy of my cave-study with my open door policy to family members, I labour, dream, create, pray. Here I negotiate the fulsome list of tasks for the day, an undertaking that could inspire other people’s book titles (with their worthwhile wisdom), like Joyce Meyer’s Overload (a book I can recommend). Here I navigate the tasks of the day, this day. Here I ponder the terrible news of the week. Sometimes I rest. Here I experience laughter and tears.

Christmas EveHere, treasuring the Narnia moment, I recall the photo the same daughter took of me this past Christmas Eve in the magically transformed foyer of our church, Walnut Grove Lutheran. “Sit,” she commands, and I obey, smiling up at her from the bench nestled in amidst the red poinsettias, the brightly lit fir trees planted on the snowy fabric—an annual scene crowned with the shining old-fashioned lamppost. Satisfied with her picture, she declares, “Mom, you’re Lucy Pevensie!” My laughter, me as Lucy, entering and reentering Narnia—how delightful. Me, this aging Lucy, but then again, older and younger all at once, rejoicing in the One Lion King Who ever was and shall be. Therefore who I am and will be is timeless, He says.

Here in my cave with a view I can believe again in Epiphany, and do.

I have a special love for red poppies, the ones growing in my sister’s early summer garden and the humble velvety-covered plastic variety that we pin to our lapels (or however else we choose to wear them) throughout Canada, the UK, Australia, and New Zealand this month of November. November: the month of remembrance.

By All Saints’ Day, when we’re reminded to honour this great communion, possibly to light a candle for a departed loved one while a fellow church member chimes a bell, out come the poppies. In the midst of the hustle-bustle and ever-maddening rush-rush of daily life, their warm red brightness gives us pause, attunes our thoughts to the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of this eleventh month when armistice came into effect in 1918: the end of the First World War. And ever since Armistice Day, Remembrance Day as we call it in Canada, hearts hold vigil both with the tragedy of war and the blessedness of life. We remember the fallen and the veterans from the Great War, and we honour all fallen soldiers and civilians, along with the suffering survivors, since 1918 to the present day. We are grateful for lives lived sacrificially; likewise, we strive to live well.

Poppy Girl, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich BauerleThe red poppy has transcended the political lines of division that it began with; it belongs to all—a symbol of our common humanity, frail and wondrous. The poppy aids us in recalling that the year is waning and so our own lives. What are we doing, and why? What is worth remembering about the millions and millions of people in the past? How have they gifted us? Then, again, what about our own lives might be worth remembering by the young and those yet to be born?

Perhaps I especially love the red poppy because my mother’s nickname for me was Mohnblümelein (little poppy). I was born at five minutes to midnight on November 11th, Remembrance Day, so shy of November 12th that the nurses in Vancouver, B.C. who helped birth me safely into the world fretted aloud, “Poor girl, she’ll never have a birthday party.” My parents quietly disagreed, but even into the early 1960s they worried a bit about what the neighbours might think. All of these facts have encouraged me to be one who wishes to remember.

The word “remember,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary, comes from the Anglo-Norman remembrier, and it means what we all know it means: “to keep in mind, to recollect.” But here’s another thing: the call to “re-member,” to become members connected with one another once again. Imaginably, this season of poppies is also an invitation to re-member, to reunite, to become increasingly whole. We are all members of some group or other, probably several. Yet so often we are divided, perhaps sometimes acceptably, even politely, but often unnecessarily, angrily. And in this twenty-first century, our age of increasing anxiety, not only are we living in societies progressively experiencing deep division, but we are also divided within ourselves: anxious, uncertain, worried, fearful.

In this season of remembrance, shall we take a lesson or two from the red poppies we wear? The real ones, so fragile, yet so resilient that they sprang up from the bludgeoned earth of the First World War, inspired the Canadian brigade surgeon, John McCrae, to pen his famous poem, “In Flanders Fields.”

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
     That mark our place; and in the sky
     The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
     Loved and were loved, and now we lie,
          In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
     The torch; be yours to hold it high.
     If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
          In Flanders fields.

The poppies symbolize honouring the many fallen but also hope for the future, for peace. And the real ones, their green closed heads drooping downward until they are ready to bloom, unfurling their silken petals and rising on tall graceful stems, are like the human soul: fragile, sometimes forlorn, capable of atrocities, but also at times blossoming with gentle grace. Such beauty co-mingled with such horror—the red poppies remind us of both.

Poppies in the Sunset on Lake GenevaAs Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn declared in Gulag Archipelago, “the line dividing good and evil cuts through the heart of every human being.” It would be so simple to separate good and evil by states, classes, and political parties, he said, but instead we need to face the truth: become willing to examine ourselves and uproot the evil within. This is a daily ongoing task. An arduous task. C.S. Lewis also spoke to this in “The Weight of Glory.” There are but two possible eternal destinations for each human soul—eternal glory or damnation—and at every moment of every day our choices move us closer to one or the other. Moreover, “All day long we are, in some degree, helping each other to one or other of these destinations.” So we need to be vigilant about how we “conduct all our dealings with one another, all friendships, all loves, all play, all politics.” The stakes can’t be higher, and like soldiers we need to be on ready alert.

In these days of quiet solemnity then as we remember the dead, we could consider the challenge to re-member, to re-collect as members of the human community. We could also welcome re-membering, re-collecting the disparate, sometimes warring aspects of our own psyches.

This past week a third generation Canadian veteran held his box of poppies for shoppers outside of Costco. It was a brilliantly sunny afternoon in this country that we both so love. When he and I exchanged a little of each other’s stories, he said, “It’s bringing tears to my eyes.”

“Yes,” this season whispers. “Yes, it’s time. It’s time for re-membering, for choosing to wish to become increasingly whole. Begin the task; let Mercy guide you. May the poppies remind you.”

The Kilns, C.S. Lewis's former home in Oxford (2014)

We all stand on the shoulders of those writers who’ve gone before us, and it’s best to know who these folks are, why they speak to us as powerfully as they do, and applaud them with gratitude and joy. I have many favourite writers and the list keeps growing, but if I had to choose only a handful, these five are the souls who’ve especially nurtured me, always sustained, encouraged, and emboldened me on my path.

C._S._LewisC.S. Lewis, yes, he’s number one. He’s been my mentor the longest. I grew up on German fairy tales and the Bible; I knew both were true but in different ways, which I later discovered was a fairly special start in life. And so when after a considerable dosage of modernist, depressive literature I at last stumbled into Narnia and then travelled into the cosmic trilogy, the heavens opened for me, set my feet a’ dancing. Lewis’s theological, apologetic, and literary criticism writings taught me much about how to think and write and eventually teach. One of his favourite quotes from Dunbar became mine:

Man, please thy Maker, and be merry,
And give not for the world a cherry.

Aslan’s words to Lucy in The Voyage of the “Dawn Treader” entered my DNA: “Courage, dear heart.” One more favourite quote, from his sermon “The Weight of Glory”:

There are no ordinary people. You have never talked to a mere mortal.
Nations, cultures, arts, civilization—these are mortal, and their life is to
ours as the life of a gnat. But it is immortals whom we joke with, work with, marry, snub, and exploit—immortal horrors or everlasting splendours.

A favourite book: That Hideous Strength


imacdod001p1George MacDonald, Lewis’s primary mentor. The more I read this Scotsman—such a pleasure!—the more I realize that Lewis wasn’t exaggerating when he said he’s always quoting him. When I first read The Princess and the Goblin in a university class, the sweet clarity of childlike faith and wonder welled up in me. I felt the invisible thread in my life with greater sureness and followed it from the safety of the known, through dark tunnels, past goblins’ schemes, right up to solid rock blockades. And when I was then tempted to retreat, I recalled how Irene’s thread vanished when she tried the same, and like Irene I kept going, removing one rock at a time, until I discovered victory. A favourite quote: “The child is not meant to die, but to be forever freshborn” (The Princess and Curdie). A favourite book: The Princess and the Goblin


lengleMadeleine L’Engle. The day I discovered that L’Engle and Lewis shared the same top mentor, George MacDonald, it made terrific sense to me because these writers so intimately informed much of my soul. When I came to do my Ph.D. I sat down to figure out why I loved these three so much and that became the focus of my doctoral work, “Educating the Moral Imagination.” I was fortunate to meet Madeleine a couple of times, to be in one of her creative writing classes, and to interview her on the telephone in 2000. I treasure the countless ways in which her writings have inspired me with love, passion, and hope. Madeleine’s chutzpah and her artistry play one beautiful song. A favourite quote: “Believing takes practice” (A Wind in the Door). A favourite book: A Swiftly Tilting Planet


lucyL.M. Montgomery. This fellow Canadian lady’s writings have blessed my heart with a sense of home. As much as I love my native Pacific Coast and my family’s European origins, part of me belongs to the red soil, the windy shores, and the rural spaces of Prince Edward Island. I’m an islander as sure as Anne-girl, the newcomer, always will be. And with my students, who thrill to the short story “Each in His Own Tongue,” I wish to speak with my own voice, truly, freely, as I ought to speak—for the love of God and humanity. A favourite quote: “See to it that you never make your music the servant of the power of evil—never debase it to unworthy ends. For your responsibility is as your gift, and God will exact the accounting of it from you. Speak to the world in your own tongue through it, with truth and sincerity…” (“Each”). A favourite book: The Blue Castle


tolkienJ.R.R. Tolkien. This author’s love of language, pilgrimage, and simple fare speaks to my longing for all things bright and beautiful, great and small, wise and wonderful (to echo the lovely children’s hymn by Cecil Frances Alexander). What British Columbia mountains have I climbed, green lakes canoed, tree mosses admired, waterfalls, rushing rivers, and deep pools prized, without thinking of Tolkien? He’s helped me to see more clearly, listen more closely, climb higher and longer, and sit by the campfire under starlight in yet deeper serenity. Here’s a favourite quote from one of my favourite sections of his epic, The Lord of the Rings: “All we have to decide is what to do with the time that is given us” (The Fellowship of the Ring). One more favourite quote: “Some who have read the book … have found it boring, absurd, or contemptible; and I have no cause to complain, since I have similar complaints of their works, or of the kinds of writing that they evidently prefer” (“Foreword to the Second Edition”). Such courage, such realism—our Tolkien. A favourite short story: “Leaf by Niggle”

So I can truly say, I am a better reader, writer, and teacher because I stand on very tall shoulders. These authors have given me enormous delight, deepening joy, and much, much needed hope in a dark world to which the light has come. To each and all, I say Thank you! Thank you!